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Diabetes Mellitus
   -Definition of Diabetes Mellitus-
  • It is a syndrome in which insulin production is decreased or absent.
  • Lack of insulin leads to elevated blood glucose levels.
There are two classifications
  • insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type I)
  • Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type II)
   -Signs and Symptoms-
  • Excessive thirst

  • Fatigue

  • Increased urination

  • Increased appetite

  • Slow-healing wounds

  • Itching

  • Changes in vision

  • Weight loss

-Important Measures in Management of Diabetes- Mellitus

  • Follow prescribed diabetic diet

  • Monitor blood sugars

  • See your doctor, dentist, and eye doctor regularly

  • Take medications as ordered

  • Achieve and maintain ideal weight

  • Exercise regularly

    • Stop immediately if any chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, or nausea occurs

    • Always carry a carbohydrate snack when exercising

  • Wear a Medic-Alert bracelet containing the necessary information for care

-Important Measures in Foot Care-

  • Inspect feet daily

  • Report any foot problems to podiatrist or doctor

  • Wash feet daily with warm water and soap and pat dry, especially between toes

  • Clip nails straight across and gently file with an emery board

  • Wear shoes that support and fit properly

  • Wear socks that are clean and fit properly

  • Avoid going barefooted

  • Avoid exposing feet to extreme temperatures

  • Avoid tobacco

-Links to Other Informative Sites-




Last updated: 3-4-2008